Heat Stroke

by Megan

There are so many things that I love about summer: longer days, spending weekends at the lake, and just being outside in general. However, once the sunshine is out and the temperature-and humidity- starts to rise, it’s important to take precautions to avoid heat stroke. Heat stroke is when your body temperature is abnormally high and if not treated can be fatal. Normally, excess heat created by the body is dissipated through sweat (yes, it is a good thing to sweat!) but in certain conditions the body isn’t able to get rid of that heat and internal temperature rises. When heat stroke occurs a person’s internal temperature can reach up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.   

Symptoms of heat stroke are:

  • Lack of sweat
  • Nausea
  • Rapid pulse
  • Confusion
  • Agitation
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizure
  • Coma

If you or someone around you shows signs of heat stroke there are a few things you can do to cool that person down. First, dial 911 and then:

  • Get to a cooler location out of the sun (inside or in a shady area)
  • Apply cool water to the person’s body
  • Get that person (or yourself) to drink water
  • Place ice packs under the armpits and groin
  • Monitor body temperature with a thermometer until help arrives

The best thing you can do to prevent heat stroke is by avoiding vigorous activity when the weather is hot and humid but if you can’t avoid it (or it’s part of your job) make sure to drink plenty of caffeine-free beverages (water or sports drinks), wear lightweight, breathable clothing in light colors and take frequent breaks.  

Medicine Net


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